Bankura, West Bengal
Jamini Roy was born in 1887 in Bankura in West Bengal, India. In 1903 he joined Government College of Art, Kolkata and received a diploma in fine arts in 1908. He is a major artist in the 20th century Indian art history and is regarded as one of the early masters of modernism in Indian art. He was the first Indian artist whose work was both quintessentially Indian and modern. He has experimented with the patua style and Bengali folk painting and inspiration for that came from the Kalighat paintings and from the different village patuas. The main theme of his paintings was life of rural Bengal and Indian festivities and celebrations, like marriages. Throughout his works, his brush strokes were largely bold and sweeping. He used to paint on materials like cloth, mats and even wood coated with lime. The artist also experimented with natural colors and pigments derived from mud, chalk powder and flowers. He was conferred many awards for his contribution to art. In 1954, he was awarded Padma Bhushan by Government of India. He was made first Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1955. Jamini Roy passed away in 1972.